Burning your chocolate is a chocolatier’s worst nightmare. Heat it too much or leave your chocolate for too long, and you may need to throw all your chocolate away.
What temperature does chocolate burn? And how do you avoid it from burning? Read on to know more.
At What Temperature Does Chocolate Burn?
Different types of chocolate have different temperature limits.
Dark chocolate can stand 50-55 degrees Celsius at most, while milk chocolate and white chocolate can only withstand heat up to 45-50 degrees Celsius.
Why is the temperature limit different between dark chocolate and other types of chocolate?
Milk and white chocolate contain an added ingredient, namely powdered milk. The addition of this ingredient affects the chocolate’s properties, lowering the temperature limit.
Why Does Chocolate Burn So Easily?
Since chocolate has a melting point just below our body temperature (at around 34 degrees Celsius) due to its cocoa butter content, it’s easy to melt, and consequently also easy to burn.
Read more: 7 Quick and Easy Chocolate Cupcake Decorations
Characteristics of Burnt Chocolate
When chocolate starts to burn, the changes might be so subtle that you might not always realize if your chocolate has burned. Here are several characteristics of burnt chocolate that you need to know.
When chocolate is burnt, the smooth, liquid texture becomes thick and lumpy. The particles of the chocolate’s ingredients will also separate and the sugar caramelize, making the chocolate grainy and sandy.
Like all burnt foodstuff, overheated chocolate will smell smoky, burnt and bitter. Especially with milk and white chocolate, the caramelization of milk fat and sugars will also make the chocolate smell like caramel.
You may not realize the color difference in burnt dark or milk chocolate, but with white chocolate, the ivory or yellowish color will turn even more yellow due to the caramelized milk fats and sugars.
Accompanying the changed texture and aroma, the chocolate will taste burnt or charred.
Read more: Why Do You Need To Temper Chocolate? What Does It Do?
Is Burnt Chocolate Reversible?
Unfortunately, carbonization (the process of burning chocolate) is irreversible. The same goes for other burnt foodstuffs like burnt caramel or meat.
Our chefs would recommend you to scrape the burnt part away if you can and throw it away. You may be able to fix the texture of the chocolate with our tips below, but the compromised taste and aroma cannot be fixed as easily. If you have burnt your chocolate and cannot tolerate the changed flavor, the best thing to do is start over. Or better, prevent your chocolate from burning.
4 Tips to Prevent Burning Your Chocolate
Here are 4 tips that you can do to prevent overheating your chocolate.
1. Chop your chocolate into small pieces
If you are using block chocolate, chop them into small pieces before melting them. That way, the chocolate will melt evenly. If you melt the block of chocolate right away, the part that gets in contact with the pan is sure to burn first, while the rest of the chocolate hasn’t melted.
Alternatively, you can also use chocolate coins, buttons, or wafers, which already come in an easy-to-melt form. That way, you don’t need to spend time and effort to cut kilograms of chocolate.
2. Tips for melting with microwave
If you are using the microwave method to melt chocolate, be sure to use half the maximum power and microwave the chocolate in 20-30 second intervals at most. In between the intervals, stir the chocolate evenly.
With microwaves, it’s best to be safe than sorry. Lower power and short time intervals enable you to check your chocolate more regularly. When the chocolate has almost melted completely, take it out and stir until all the chocolate is melted.
3. Tips for melting with bain-marie
With the bain-marie, what you need to keep in mind is that we are using heat from the steam to melt our chocolate. The water does not even need to boil to be able to let out steam and heat the chocolate. Keep your water hot and steaming, but not boiling. Additionally, make sure to stir the chocolate every now and then to melt it evenly.
While we’re at it, make sure that the chocolate does not get in contact with water! Water is chocolate’s number one enemy. When it gets in contact with water, the chocolate will turn grainy and lumpy, which is just as complicated to solve as burned chocolate.
4. Tips for melting with melter
Melting chocolate with a melter is much easier. Just be sure that you set the temperature correctly (around 30-32 degrees Celsius is what our chefs recommend if you want to use the chocolate the next
Read more: What Chocolate Melts the Fastest?
How to Fix Burnt Chocolate
Burnt chocolate is pretty difficult to fix, but if you notice it early, there might still be ways you can fix it.
- The longer your chocolate stays warm, the harder it is to save. Remove your chocolate from the heat source and transfer it to a dry bowl.
- Add in a few pieces of chocolate chunks into your burnt chocolate and stir. The coolness will help cool the chocolate down.
- Running your chocolate through a sieve might help to improve the texture. If it doesn’t, it is better to either use the chocolate for other applications like showpieces or decorations, or start over anew.